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INFO | CHARACTERISTICS | FAULTS

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Large, mastiff-type molossoid dog with convex lines, exists in the Long-and Smooth-haired varieties. Rustic, corpulent, with brisk gait and imponent attitude. Lively, calm and expressive look. Well proportioned, morphologically perfect, the harmonious unity revealing a long tradition of ethnic purity

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Sub-longilinear (sub-dolicomorph), tending to mediolinear (mesomorph). Chest height is less than half the height at withers. Muzzle and skull length should be approximately equal, if not, the skull should be slightly longer.

BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: Inseparable companion to the shepherd and faithful flock guard, bravely protecting it agains predators and thieves. Wonderful farm and house guard, dissuasive towards strangers and of a typical docility to its master.

HEAD: Strong, voluminous, long and slightly convex. Well set. Proportioned regarding the body, as well as the skull regarding the muzzle, emphasising a general harmony.
Smooth skin in the skull and cheecks.

Skull: Well developed, rounded, with slightly divergent longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes, convex profile, slightly developed supraciliary arches with slightly apparent frontal furrow, inconspicuous occipital protuberance.

Stop: Barely defined and at approximately equal distance to the tip of the nose and to the occipital protuberance.

FACIAL REGION: Nose: Straight and wide open nostrils; large, black coloured.

Muzzle: Long, tapering to the tip, without being pointed; tends to be straight and very slightly convex at the tip.

Lips: Not thick, large; not pendulous and well overlaid; mucous membrane of mouth and palate intensely black pigmented, as well as the lips.

Jaws/Teeth: Well cut mouth with well developed jaws; full dentition with strong, white, well implanted and close fitting teeth, preferably with scissors bite, level bite also being accepted.

Eyes: Horizontal, level, oval shaped eyes, of medium-small size, equal anda well open, with a keen and calm expression; preferably dark amber in colour. Well closing lids with black rims. Eyebrows somewhat apparent.

Ears: Set on at medium height; hanging, carried falling backwards and laterally against the side of the head, with visible inner edge (pulled back); thin, triangular, rounded at the tips; small in comparison to the whole.

NECK: Short, straight and thick; well set and well connected; with some dewlap, without exaggeration.

BODY:Top line: Straight, almost horizontal.

Back: Well muscled, preferably short

Loin: Short; wide; well muscled; well connected to the croup

Croup: Slightly slopping down; short; wide and muscled. Croup height should be equal or slightly superior to the height at the withers.

Chest: Wide; deep; well sprung wihout being cylindrical, well let down reaching the elbow or slightly bellow it.

Bottom line and belly: The bottom line should rise gradually but smoothly from sternum to the groin; belly not paunchy, proportioned to the animal´s corpulence and harmoniously connected to its surroundings.

TAIL: Set on at medium height; entire; long; thick; carried below the horizontal, scimitar-shaped, with a hook at the end, hanging naturally between the thighs, reaching at least the hock, when the animal is at rest; excited and in motion, the tail raises above the horizontal, curving upward and forward, sideways and downward, without being carried over the croup. It should be well furnished with hair, and feathered in the long-haired variety.

LIMBS:FOREQUARTERS: Upright, well build skeleton, with thick joints, regularly open angles, with great ease of movements; strong bones.

Forearm: Well built, long, with strong bones and almost cylindrical in shape.

Forefeet: Proportioned, well built, neither too round nor too long, intermediate between cat-and hare feet, in order to avoid splaying, with abundant hair in the interdigital spaces and between the pads; thick and tight toes; dark nails, preferably black, well grown; thick and hard pads.

HINDQUARTERS: Upright, well built skeleton, with thick joints, regularly open angles, with great ease of movements; strong bones.
Hock: Slightly let down; regularly open and in good direction, followed by a vertical metatarsus, almost cylindrical.
Hind feet: Identical to the forefeet, may have simple or double dewclaws.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Normal and easy movement.

COAT:
HAIR: Strong, very abundant, lighly coarse, without excessive harshness, reminding goat hair.
The undercoat is composed of fine hair, short, abundant and entangled, normally lighter coloured than the outer coat.
- Long-haired variety: Straight or slightly wavy hair, uneven in some areas. In the limbs, below the elbows and hocks, it is shorter and denser, as well as in the head; in the ears, it becomes gradually shorter from the base to the tip, becoming thinner and softer. It is longer on the tail, which is bushy, thick and feathered, around the neck and throat and on the buttocks, which are abundantly feathered, as well as the back side of the forearms.
- Smooth-haired variety: Smooth hair, homogeneous all over the body, slightly shorter in the head and limbs, without feathering.

COLOUR: The following colours are accepted and considered typical:
Solid: yellow, fawn and grey in all gradients of colour intensity;
Wolf Grey: fawn, yellow and grey tones, in the light, common and dark shades;
Brindle: Fawn brindle, yellow brindle, yellow brindle and grey brindle.
In the cranium-facial area, a dark coloured mask is typical.
White spotting is admitted only at the extremities of fore-and hind feet and on small extension on the ventral region of neck and chest.

HEIGHT AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers:
Males: 65-73 cm
Females: 62-69 cm
Weight:
Males: 45-60 Kg.
Females: 35-45 Kg.

 

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